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Updating Congress on Testing for the 2020 Census

CENSUS Directors Blog - Tue, 11/29/2016 - 11:09

Written by John H. Thompson

We’re continuing to make great progress at the U.S. Census Bureau in preparing for the 2020 Census. On Nov. 16, I was proud to testify before the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Government Operations that our preparations remain on track and on schedule. As of right now, we have made 259 of our 350, 2020 Census Operational Plan design decisions and the remaining are on schedule. We continue to work with the Government Accountability Office, receiving thoughtful input on our plans.

Census tests are critical to implementing the four key innovation areas that will make it easier for people to respond to the census, and save taxpayers more than $5 billion. From testing, we learn what works and what doesn’t, and we make adjustments. In September, we began testing our address canvassing procedures and systems in parts of Buncombe County, N.C., where Subcommittee Chairman Rep. Mark Meadows observed our field operations, and in parts of St. Louis, Mo.  As part of this test, we’re assessing methodologies and data sources to detect new residential developments, or to show neighborhoods that remain unchanged since the 2010 Census.

Earlier this year, we tested core census operations — including how we process, store and protect the data we receive from respondents — in Harris County, Texas, and Los Angeles County, Calif. It was a valuable learning experience with several notable successes. For example, we achieved a positive impact on response rates by using a letter as the first reminder; as in past census tests, we successfully matched a large majority of respondent addresses to our frame without a Census ID; we expanded our language support services to include Chinese and Korean; and we gained insight into several areas that we need to improve, such as better training for enumerators and better procedures for enumerators at multiunit structures, like apartment buildings.

In addition to the address canvassing test, the Census Bureau had been planning field test operations in 2017. Due to funding uncertainty, on Oct. 18, the Census Bureau was forced to announce that we’re stopping work on the Puerto Rico Census Test, as well as the field component of the 2017 Census Test in the Standing Rock Reservation in North and South Dakota and the Colville Reservation and Off-Reservation Trust Land in Washington state. These requirements and their related costs have been driven into potential consideration for incorporation into the 2018 End-to-End Census Test. Stopping these tests is not an ideal outcome for the operational risk of the 2018 End-to-End Census Test and the 2020 Census; but overall, it’s the best option, given the funding uncertainty.

It was an honor to testify before the Subcommittee on Government Operations and to answer lawmakers’ questions about our work. I thank the subcommittee for its continued support and interest in the 2020 Census. I am confident the Census Bureau will achieve its goal of counting everyone in America once, only once, and in the right place in 2020.

U.S. Census Bureau Announces Changes to 2017 Field Tests

CENSUS Directors Blog - Tue, 10/18/2016 - 15:15

Written by: John H. Thompson

Today, the U.S. Census Bureau announced that it will stop plans to test field operations in Puerto Rico, the Standing Rock Reservation in North and South Dakota, and the Colville Reservation and Off-Reservation Trust Land in Washington State in 2017. Instead, we will consider including these sites in our 2018 End-to-End Census Test.

We did not make this decision lightly; we’re less than one year from beginning field work on the 2018 End-to-End Census Test – the final, major test for the 2020 Census. But as we enter FY 2017, we don’t have clarity about our funding for the year. Based on what we know now, the proposed funding levels require us to prioritize other activities in 2017 rather than expend the resources necessary to conduct the two field tests we had planned for 2017.

Given the current uncertainty about FY 2017 funding, the Census Bureau will not continue expending resources to prepare for the 2017 field tests. Continuing amid such uncertainty would all but guarantee wasted efforts and resources. It would risk our readiness for the 2018 End-to-End Census Test; more than $5 billion in cost avoidance; and the high data quality of the 2020 Census – and those are risks we aren’t willing to take.

While we will not conduct these field operations in 2017, we will consider testing them in 2018. Also, we must re-plan the 2017 Census Test to only include the activities necessary to ensure we are best prepared for the 2018 End-to-End Census Test – the national self-response component including the real-time non-ID operation, the use of Census Questionnaire Assistance, and internet collection using Cloud technology.

This decision lets us focus our 2017 program resources on operational and systems readiness, including integrating, securing, and testing our systems. It ensures that we can smoothly deploy the integrated suite of 2020 Census systems in time for the 2018 End-to-End Census Test.

For more information about the Census Bureau’s decision to postpone the 2017 Census Test on tribal lands and the 2017 Puerto Rico Census Test, see our decision memo. You can follow along with all of our preparations for the 2020 Census at www.census.gov/2020census.

Showcasing American Manufacturing With U.S. Census Bureau Data

CENSUS Directors Blog - Fri, 10/07/2016 - 09:44

Written by: John H. Thompson

Today is Manufacturing Day, a nationwide observance of the businesses and workers that manufacture everything from textiles to machinery to food. It’s also an opportunity to showcase an important sector of the U.S. economy. Manufacturers are America’s fourth-largest employer — with 11.4 million employees across the nation and an annual payroll of $639.9 billion — and produce trillions of dollars in shipments annually.

This week, we’ve featured Census Bureau data on manufacturing here on census.gov. Part of the mission of Manufacturing Day is to address common misconceptions about manufacturing. As the premiere source of statistics on the American economy, the Census Bureau is in a unique position to be able to use data to show the state of manufacturing today.

For example, findings from the economic census provide detail on the number of manufacturing establishments, employment, payroll, receipts, value of shipments, expenses, assets and many other topics on 364 manufacturing industries. The Annual Survey of Manufactures provides sample estimates of statistics for manufacturing establishments. We have monthly reports on Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders and Manufacturing and Trade Inventory and Sales, as well as other monthly, quarterly and annual reports on a host of subjects.

Through Census Bureau data sources — in this case, the Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders (M3) report — we know that new orders for manufactured durable goods in August 2016 increased by $0.7 billion, or 0.2 percent, to $453.1 billion. We also know that, according to the 2014 Annual Survey of Manufactures, transportation equipment manufacturing has the most employees (1.42 million) and the largest value of shipments ($903.3 billion), and that the three states with the most manufacturing employees in 2014 were California, Texas and Ohio —with California topping the list with 1.11 million manufacturing employees.

These data, and many more, can help businesses plan and grow. Through blog posts and infographics, we’ve given you an inside look at trends in employment and receipts, how manufacturing contributes to international trade, and many more topics. Check it all out at <www.census.gov/topics/business/manufacturing/day.html>.Happy Manufacturing Day!

 

Providing Information for Emergency Preparedness as Hurricane Matthew Approaches

CENSUS Directors Blog - Thu, 10/06/2016 - 14:26

Written by: John H. Thompson

As millions of Americans prepare for Hurricane Matthew this week, the U.S. Census Bureau’s OnTheMap for Emergency Management tool provides federal, state and local emergency management officials access to statistics about communities in the storm’s path.

OnTheMap for Emergency Management is web-based resource that provides a live view of selected emergencies and weather events in the U.S., 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. It automatically incorporates real-time updates from federal sources so you can view the potential effects of hurricanes (and other disasters) on America’s population and workforce. The Census Bureau and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have worked together to bring you this real-time data.

This tool uses rich, local socioeconomic and demographic statistics from the American Community Survey and other Census Bureau data sources to give a detailed look at affected areas. It gives you information on the number of people potentially affected by a storm, as well as some of their characteristics down to the neighborhood level – for example, what percentage of residents are 65 or older, or what local employment patterns look like. The Census Bureau provides vital economic and demographic data to federal and local emergency management agencies, which can use this information to better assess hurricanes’ impact on coastal populations. For example, following Super Storm Sandy, New Jersey officials used our data to estimate the volume of traffic in affected areas.

In addition, the Census Bureau will be providing even more data from the Economic Census, County Business Patterns, the American Community Survey, Survey of Business Owners, and Nonemployer Statistics to supplement OnTheMap for Emergency Management. Check our Emergency Preparedness page for the most recent updates.

If you live in a hurricane-prone area, you can find safety and preparedness tips at www.ready.gov/hurricanes. You can also visit the National Hurricane Center for the latest Hurricane Matthew forecasts and follow the National Weather Service for active weather alerts.

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New American Community Survey Data Released Today

CENSUS Directors Blog - Thu, 09/15/2016 - 12:23

Written by: John H. Thompson

Today, communities across the nation have new American Community Survey (ACS) statistics to help them make informed decisions. The ACS one-year estimates released today provide statistics on dozens of economic, social, housing and demographic topics that are important to people and communities across America.

The ACS is the nation’s largest household survey and it is the only available source of data for many of the issues that it covers. With data released every year, it covers every geographic area in the U.S. – making it the only uniform measure that every county, city and community nationwide can use. Business and community leaders use ACS data to analyze how the needs of their neighborhoods are evolving, and how to use their resources to meet those needs.

For example, the City of New Orleans is putting Census data to use through an innovative program that distributes smoke alarms to households that need them. This is just one powerful example of how people in communities nationwide benefit from the ACS data released today.

Last year, the New Orleans Fire Department and Office of Performance and Accountability used block group-level data from our American Community Survey five-year estimates to identify homes that were most in need of smoke alarms – such as people living in older structures or with young children – and more likely to have fatalities due to fire. Equipped with this data, they have distributed over 10,000 smoke alarms to New Orleans residents since March 2015.

New Orleans used reliable and publicly available data from the Census Bureau about its community to make informed decisions about how to protect residents. Census Bureau data make our governments more responsive and better informed, our businesses more competitive, and our communities better served. This is just one example of how communities have tailored ACS data to guide specific local decisions.

We depend on the public’s cooperation to produce high-quality statistics about our people, places and economy, and I thank everyone who has participated in the ACS and provided important data that the nation depends on. The Census Bureau is proud to provide the timeliest, comprehensive, and statistically precise data available for community decision making – free of charge.

To access today’s release of one-year estimates from the American Community Survey, check out the press release with the findings, and check Census.gov in December for the release of the ACS 5 year data. Use the hashtag #ACSdata to let us know how you use ACS data to benefit your community.

On the Road in North Carolina

CENSUS Directors Blog - Fri, 09/09/2016 - 11:35

Written by: John H. Thompson

Last week, I attended the North Carolina Indian Affairs Commission Quarterly Meeting, where I met with tribal leaders to discuss our 2020 Census planning goals in Indian Country. Tribal input helps the U.S. Census Bureau increase the response rate for American Indian and Alaska Native populations. We listened to tribal leaders’ insights on a range of topics.

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Brucie Ogletree Richardson, Chief of the Haliwa-Saponi Indian Tribe of North Carolina, is interviewed as part of the 2020 Census tribal consultation.

Specifically, we solicited comments on ensuring that everyone in the household – including extended family members – are counted, and on increasing the American Indian and Alaska Native response rate to the census. We also discussed topics like geography, recruitment activities, data collection operations, outreach and promotion, tribal enrollment and others. As we continue to plan for the 2020 Census, it’s crucial that we begin to identify the operations and communications strategies for those efforts now.

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In North Carolina, I met with Lebaron Byrd, Chief of the MOWA Band of Choctaw Indians; Randy Anthony Crummie, Santee Indian Organization; and Prentiss Wayne Parr, Chief of the Pee Dee Indian Tribe of South Carolina.

I want to thank Gregory Richardson, Executive Director of the North Carolina Indian Affairs Commission, for hosting this meeting and all of the tribal leaders for their input. I deeply appreciate their interest in and contributions to the 2020 Census. This fall, we’ll conduct eight more tribal consultations across Indian Country. I encourage tribal leaders and members to participate so that we can ensure a full and accurate count of the American Indian and Alaska Native population. These consultations have proven to benefit our government-to-government relationship ahead of the census, and I look forward to hearing tribal leaders’ perspectives and discussing possible areas for future collaboration.

Duane Ousamequin Shepard, Sr., Chief of the Pocasset Wampanoag Tribe of the Pokanoket Nation, discusses issues related to tribal enumeration.

Duane Ousamequin Shepard, Sr., Chief of the Pocasset Wampanoag Tribe of the Pokanoket Nation, discusses issues related to tribal enumeration.

I met with Cameron Strongheart Press, the junior tribal representative for the Cherokee of Georgia.

I met with Cameron Strongheart Press, the junior tribal representative for the Cherokee of Georgia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thank you to the North Carolina Indian Affairs Commission for hosting me and other Census Bureau staff members at this tribal consultation. We met with 31 tribal and 9 non-tribal attendees.

 

Just in Time for the New Academic Year: Census Bureau Unveils New Statistics in Schools Program

CENSUS Directors Blog - Wed, 09/07/2016 - 12:06

Written by Nancy A. Potok, Deputy Director and Chief Operating Officer

As the academic year begins, we are excited to roll out a new U.S. Census Bureau program, “Statistics in Schools” aimed at making a real and positive difference in American education.

Statistics in Schools offers teachers and students a free toolbox brimming with comprehensive statistical information to enrich the K-12 academic experience.

In 2010, Census in Schools, the forerunner to Statistics in Schools showed us the importance of educating America’s youth about statistics. We are excited to unveil a new evergreen program that will last between each decennial census. Statistics in Schools has the richness of its predecessor but carries forward all of the work, energy and time invested in developing a trove of valuable educational materials.

The new website provides data, tools and teacher-friendly activities to K-12 educators in math, history, and social studies as well as the newly added subjects of geography and sociology. We also doubled the number of tools on the website; resulting in more than 100 resources from which teachers can choose, including:

    • Maps and historical documents — historical and current maps as well as photos, cartoons and census records.
    • News articles — examples of census data applied to current events in the news.
    • Videos — the importance of statistics and how data relates to students today.
    • Games — test your students’ knowledge in our population bracketology game.
    • Infographics and data visualizations — census data presented visually; many linked to a classroom activity.
    • Searchable data tools that reveal population statistics by sex, age, ethnicity and race.
    • Activities organized by grade, education standard and subject.
    • Information to help teachers explain the Census Bureau to students.

To develop the program, we assembled subject matter experts from the American Statistical Association, the National Geographic Society, the National Council of Supervisors of Mathematics, the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, and many others to vet and evaluate Statistics in Schools materials. Our first road test yielded a wealth of information on how we could further strengthen the program — teams of more than 350 teachers from across the country, along with experts on subjects and standards, pointed to improvements that would make Statistics in Schools even more useful. The program is now ready for prime time.

The next step in the program is perhaps the most exciting, as educators throughout the nation begin to leverage Statistics in Schools to enrich their curricula. I look forward to being on this journey with you, toward improved statistical literacy for the next generation, America’s future. Please stay in touch — we will be listening closely to learn what works, what could be improved, and how the Census Bureau can continue to help you. Please return to visit this space again, I will be reporting on what we learn!

Preparing for the 2020 Census: Announcing Sites for the 2018 End-to-End Census Test

CENSUS Directors Blog - Fri, 07/22/2016 - 13:29

Written by John H. Thompson

At today’s quarterly 2020 Census Program Management Review, the U.S. Census Bureau announced the sites for its largest, most advanced systems and operations test in preparation for the 2020 Census. More than 700,000 housing units will participate in the test in Pierce County, Wash.; Providence County, R.I.; and the Bluefield-Beckley-Oak Hill, W.Va., area. These areas were chosen for their unique characteristics, including a variety of housing types and addresses, and diverse populations with varying demographic characteristics. In addition, the populations in these areas have varying levels of internet access and usage.

Whether you respond via the internet, telephone, traditional paper questionnaire or an in-person visit, the Census Bureau is committed to making the mandatory once-a-decade headcount quick, easy and safe for all to participate. In the 2018 End-to-End Census Test, we’ll confirm the key technologies, data collection methods, outreach and promotional strategies, and management and response processes that will be deployed during the 2020 Census.

The 2018 End-to-End Census Test is the culmination of extensive research and testing we’ve conducted throughout the decade. It supports the goal of the 2020 Census, which is to count everyone once, only once and in the right place. As 2020 Census operations move forward, we will continue to improve the use of mobile technology, administrative records, geospatial data and self-response via the internet. This test will provide insights and guide our planning to ensure an accurate census.

To learn more about this test and how it supports our plans for a complete and accurate census, visit <www.census.gov>.

Preparing for the 2020 Census in Indian Country

CENSUS Directors Blog - Wed, 07/20/2016 - 09:55

Written by: John H. Thompson

A few weeks ago, I traveled to Spokane, Wash., to the National Congress of American Indians’ midyear meeting. I enjoyed meeting with tribal leaders and telling them about our 2020 Census planning goals in Indian Country.

There are challenges to enumerating any group of people in the census, and counting American Indians and Alaska Natives who live on tribal lands poses its own set of obstacles. Geography and climate can be big challenges. In areas such as the Navajo Nation or Remote Alaska, we may need to use horses, ATVs, helicopters and even dogsleds to reach everyone. Other challenges include language barriers and multigenerational living arrangements, which can affect the accuracy of the count.

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Because of these potential obstacles, a key part of our early preparations for the next census is communication with the tribes. The Census Bureau talks to, notifies and consults with the tribes before we make decisions or implement policies, rules or programs that affect tribal governments. This year alone, we’ve conducted eight tribal consultations and one national webinar across Indian Country in order to strengthen our relationship, and ensure a full and accurate count of the Alaska Native and American Indian population.

Tribal members are an important source of information on issues such as enumeration, population statistics, partnerships, geography and recruiting. We depend on their help to identify potential census staff members and enumerators who speak the languages we need, and who understand local living arrangements.

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At the NCAI meeting, I was able to meet with several members of the tribal press, whose assistance we will need in communicating the importance of the census to Native Americans and Alaska Natives. I also met Michael Marchand, vice chairman of the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, and offered my condolences on the passing of tribal Chairman Jim Boyd last month. I was also able to thank Mr. Marchand for his cooperation in allowing the Census Bureau to hold part of the 2017 Census Test on the Colville Indian Reservation and off-reservation trust land in Washington.

I thank NCAI and the tribal leaders for their invitation to speak at their midyear meeting, and I deeply appreciate their interest in and contributions to the 2020 Census. I encourage tribal leaders and members to participate in the tribal consultation meetings that the Census Bureau is holding through the end of 2016. In addition, we hope to learn and gather feedback from the tribes on many more occasions over the decade. Many thanks to NCAI for their collaboration now and in the future.

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New Advance Economic Indicators Report Available This Month

CENSUS Directors Blog - Mon, 07/11/2016 - 14:10

Written by John H. Thompson

Later this month, the U.S. Census Bureau will release the first-ever Advance Economic Indicators Report. Last July, we began issuing the Advance Report: U.S. International Trade in Goods in order to release international trade data to the public as quickly as possible. Continuing our commitment to make our quality statistics as accessible and timely as possible, this new report will expand the advance report by including advance monthly retail and wholesale trade inventories for select aggregate levels in addition to the advance international trade data.

Business leaders, policymakers and other data users rely on Census Bureau statistics to make important decisions. These advance estimates not only give them earlier access to a “snapshot” of key economic data, but also provide more quality inputs for calculating our nation’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The new Advance Economic Indicators Report will allow the Bureau of Economic Analysis to make a more precise initial estimate of this major economic indicator, and potentially reduce the size of later revisions. When BEA began incorporating our advance trade report into the advance estimate of GDP last year, it reduced revisions to GDP, on average, by 0.1 to 0.2 percentage points – or by $6 billion – on an annualized basis.

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The Census Bureau is constantly looking for ways to improve your access to our statistics, and this new report is a great example of our dedication to releasing the timeliest, accurate and most trusted information about our nation’s economy. We will continue to identify other quality indicators that are suitable for acceleration to expand the Advance Economic Indicators Report.

The first Advance Economic Indicators Report will be available on July 28 at <www.census.gov/econ/indicators/index.html>.

Asking for Input on Counting People in the Right Place in 2020

CENSUS Directors Blog - Thu, 06/30/2016 - 10:00

Written by: John H. Thompson

The U.S. Census Bureau’s mission is to count every person living in the U.S. every ten years during the decennial census. Just as important as counting each person, though, is making sure we count them in the right place.

Since the first census in 1790, the Census Bureau has followed a basic guideline, given to us by Congress, that says people should be counted where they live and sleep most of the time. For most people, applying this principle is straightforward. But for others — such as college students, members of the military and prisoners — knowing where to count them in the census can be more complicated. Over time, we have developed consistent criteria so that we accurately count people in more complicated situations.

In May 2015, we published a Federal Register notice that described where we counted people in 2010 and solicited comments on how we might change our guidelines for where people are counted in 2020. This decade is the first time that we’ve publicly opened up our deliberations on where we count people.

We received more than 260 comments, mostly focused on prisoners and deployed military personnel. After evaluating all of the comments we received, today we published in the Federal Register the proposed guidance for counting people in 2020.

Now, again, we’re asking the public to comment on our proposed criteria for determining residence that we will use for the 2020 Census. Some of the living situations addressed in the new Federal Register notice are explained here:

  • In 2020, we propose to count deployed military personnel at their usual home address as part of the U.S. resident population. This means that they will be included in the block-level counts that are used to draw boundaries for Congressional, legislative, school and voting districts, and to allocate federal resources at the local level. Previously, military and civilian employees of the U.S. government who were deployed or stationed overseas were counted in their home state of record for apportionment purposes only.
  • We have determined that counting prisoners at the correctional facility in 2020 is consistent with the basic principle of counting people where they live and sleep most of the time. The Census Bureau will provide tools to help states make their own decisions about whether to include prisoners when they redraw district boundaries. We’ll break out the data so that states will have a separate count of prisoners, and we’ll provide a geocoding tool to help states reallocate their prisoner population counts, if needed. Prisoners were counted at the correctional facility in previous censuses as well.
  • In 2020, we propose to count the crews of U.S. flag maritime or merchant vessels who are sailing between U.S. and foreign ports on census day at their usual home address, or at the U.S. port if they have no usual home address. Previously, they were not counted in the census.
  • In 2020, we propose to count juveniles in non-correctional residential treatment centers at their usual home address, or at the facility if they have no usual home address. Previously, they were counted at the facility.
  • In 2020, we propose to count people living in religious group quarters at the facility. Previously, they were counted at their usual home address, or at the facility if they had no usual home address.
  •  In 2020, we propose to count students attending college in the U.S. at the residence where they live and sleep most of the time, whether a parental home, or an on- or off-campus residence. Previously, they were counted the same way.

We know that any change in where we count people can have far-reaching effects — on how we take the census, on political representation, and on funding decisions at every level of government — and we want to give everyone the chance to weigh in. I encourage you to read the proposed guidelines and give us your input. The final 2020 Census Residence Criteria and Residence Situations will be published in the Federal Register by the end of 2016.

Preparing for the 2020 Census: Observing In-Office Address Canvassing

CENSUS Directors Blog - Wed, 06/15/2016 - 09:54

Written by John H. Thompson

Today I visited the National Processing Center, the U.S. Census Bureau’s large-scale data processing center in Jeffersonville, Indiana, to observe its role in preparing for the 2020 Census. The National Processing Center collects and processes data for more than 150 demographic and economic surveys, including the decennial census. It also houses some of the Census Bureau’s geographic operations, which play a critical role in providing the framework for survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation and dissemination for the 2020 Census.

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An accurate address list is the cornerstone of a high-quality census. As we prepare for 2020, one of the four key areas of innovation we’re pursuing is re-engineering the way we build our address list. In the past, census workers would build the list by walking every street in America. Today while preparing for 2020, we are using technology and new information sources to update our address list through a process known as “in-office address canvassing.”

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In-office address canvassing starts with clerks updating the 2010 Census address list based on new information from the U.S. Postal Service and tribal, state, and local governments, as well as commercially-available data. Then, they use satellite imagery and use geographic information systems to identify areas where substantial address changes are occurring. This review process gives us a handle on what housing changes have occurred since the last census, how well the Census Bureau’s address list is keeping up with the changes, and how likely changes are to occur in the future. In areas with rapid change or where we can’t verify addresses from the National Processing Center (about 25 percent of addresses), we’ll conduct in-field canvassing.

National Processing Center staff began working on in-office address canvassing in 2015, and they’ll continue all the way through 2020. Address canvassing is an indispensable part of a complete and accurate census that counts everyone in America once, only once, and in the right place. By using more in-office procedures to cut down on in-field canvassing, we can potentially save $900 million, compared to the cost of updating our address lists the old way.

For more information about how we’ll re-engineer our address canvassing process for the 2020 Census, check out the Detailed Operational Plan for the Address Canvassing Operation. To learn more about the National Processing Center, visit <www.census.gov/npc>.

Updating Congress on Preparations for 2020: Tune in Tomorrow

CENSUS Directors Blog - Wed, 06/08/2016 - 10:05

Written by: John H. Thompson

Tomorrow morning, I’ll address the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform on the U.S. Census Bureau’s preparations for the 2020 Census. For the last three years we’ve been studying cost-saving design innovations; now, we’re shifting our focus to operationalizing the design and ensuring it will produce a quality census in 2020. I’m excited to share the progress we’ve made with the Committee.

Plans for the 2020 Census are right where they should be. We’ve already started making the decisions laid out in the 2020 Census Operational Plan – just as scheduled – and we will continue to do so. For example, we recently announced a major decision to use a commercial off-the-shelf platform for data collection in the Census Enterprise Data Collection and Processing (CEDCaP) program for the 2020 Census and beyond. Under the guidance of our new Chief Information Officer, research, testing, and IT system development will remain on track for the planned end-to-end systems integration test in 2018.

For more information about what I’ll discuss at the hearing, click here. To watch my remarks live, tune in to the Oversight and Government Reform Committee video feed tomorrow, June 9, 2016 at 9 a.m.

Preparing for Hurricane Season with Census Data

CENSUS Directors Blog - Wed, 06/01/2016 - 09:58

Today marks the beginning of the Atlantic hurricane season. These storms are among nature’s most powerful and destructive phenomena, and they have the potential to affect a large portion of U.S. residents. The 185 coastline counties along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico – areas that are most threatened by Atlantic hurricanes – have a combined population of 59.2 million.

Emergency management officials can access statistics about communities in storms’ paths through the U.S. Census Bureau’s OnTheMap for Emergency Management tool. It’s a web-based resource that provides a live view of selected emergencies and weather events in the U.S., 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. It automatically incorporates real-time updates from federal sources so you can view the potential effects of hurricanes (and other disasters) on America’s population and workforce. The Census Bureau and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration – both within the Department of Commerce – have worked together to bring you this real-time data.

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OnTheMap for Emergency Management uses rich, local socioeconomic and demographic statistics from the American Community Survey and other Census Bureau data sources to give a detailed look at affected areas. It gives you information on the number of people potentially affected by a storm, as well as some of their characteristics down to the neighborhood level – for example, what percentage of residents are 65 or older, or what local employment patterns look like. The Census Bureau provides vital economic and demographic data to federal and local emergency management agencies, which can use this information to better assess hurricanes’ impact on coastal populations. For example, following Super Storm Sandy, New Jersey officials used our data to estimate the volume of traffic in affected areas.

The Atlantic hurricane season lasts from June 1 through November 30. If you live in a hurricane-prone area, you can find safety and preparedness tips at www.ready.gov/hurricanes. You can also visit the National Hurricane Center for the latest tropical storm forecasts and follow the National Weather Service for active weather alerts.

Preparing for the 2020 Census: Choosing Data Collection and Processing Systems

CENSUS Directors Blog - Thu, 05/26/2016 - 17:14

Written by John H. Thompson

Today, the U.S. Census Bureau announced a major decision on the path to the 2020 Census. Since December 2014, we’ve been assessing whether to use commercial software products to collect and process data in the 2020 Census, or whether to build our own systems. After a great deal of evaluation and discussion, we have determined that a hybrid approach – combining a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) system with specific solutions developed by Census experts – will best meet our needs.

During this same period, our in-house innovation and development teams have been hard at work developing prototypes that we could test during the 2020 Census field tests. These prototypes delivered key digital data collection system capabilities for data collection.   This testing as been a critical part of the development process, allowing us to better understand how we could reengineer our business processes to save money during the 2020 Census.  The work of the teams helped us develop and refine our requirements, and to make a well-informed evaluation of the COTS products.

Based on our final requirements and an analysis of the development and testing results – and with input from experts at Carnegie Mellon University, and the National Academy of Sciences – we decided on an integrated COTS platform that can supply functional solutions as well as allow us to incorporate some of the innovations that we have developed in-house. This approach meets our data collection and processing goals for the 2020 Census, and builds the infrastructure to support all of our censuses and surveys in the future.

Refining the systems we use for data collection and processing is a critical component of our proposal to save $5.2 billion in the 2020 Census, compared to repeating the 2010 Census design. The timing of this decision was critical to meet the schedules and timelines that are key to preparing for the 2018 End-to-End Test, which will test the integration of all major operations and systems.

To learn more about how we made this decision for the agency, click here. For more information about how we’re preparing for the next census, check out the 2020 Decision Memo and our 2020 Census Operational Plan.

Technology Innovations for Nonresponse Follow-Up in the 2020 Census

CENSUS Directors Blog - Mon, 05/23/2016 - 14:52

Written by: John H. Thompson

This week I am visiting Los Angeles County to observe the last phase of the 2016 Census Test, currently underway here in California as well as in Harris County, Texas. Almost 225,000 households in Los Angeles County received a notification from the U.S. Census Bureau by mail 9 weeks ago asking them to complete the 2016 Census Test questionnaire online. Now, census takers are engaged in what we call “nonresponse follow-up” — that is, personally visiting households that did not respond to the census.

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       Director Thompson looks at the 2016 Census Test questionnaire online in Chinese.

Using technology to refine our nonresponse follow-op operations is a critical part of our preparations for the 2020 Census. The testing that’s underway in California and Texas will help us hone the innovative, cost-saving procedures outlined in the 2020 Census Operational Plan.

In the current phase of the 2016 Census Test, we’re refining the technologies and methods that we use to assign cases to field staff conducting nonresponse follow-up visits. In 2020, we plan to automate much of the door-to-door field work involved in this operation and better manage census takers’ workloads and routing in real time.

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A census taker visits a household for nonresponse follow-up in Los Angeles County, Calif.

We’re also continuing to refine our innovative use of mobile technology in our follow-up efforts. We’re replacing paper and pencil with mobile devices for census takers who visit nonresponding households. These devices have special software that census takers will use to securely collect households’ information and transmit that data, daily assignments, updates and timesheets.

Finally, we’re continuing our research into how to best use existing government and commercial information to reduce the nonresponse follow-up workload. For example, we’re exploring how to use records to identify vacant units that we don’t need to visit. We’re also working on ways we can use this information to reduce the number of  visits census takers make to nonresponding households, and to count those households if they don’t respond after multiple visits.

Through the smart use of technology and innovations like these, we can save up to $5.2 billion, compared to repeating the design of the 2010 Census. Thank you to the residents of Los Angeles County and Harris County for participating in this critical census test. Your cooperation is critical to helping us design a complete and accurate census in 2020, one that will give America the data it needs to make good policies and decisions for its growing population.

You can track the results of the 2016 Census Test and our plans for the 2020 Census at www.census.gov/2020census

Surveying U.S. Census Bureau Commuting Data in Atlanta

CENSUS Directors Blog - Wed, 04/27/2016 - 11:13

Written by: John H. Thompson

Today, I am in Atlanta for a roundtable discussion with local officials on commuting data, and how they can use the Census Bureau’s wealth of statistics to serve their communities.

The Atlanta area is a great case study of some of the many ways that commuting data can be used by policy makers and residents. For starters, our data show that the mean travel time of Atlanta-area commuters is among the highest of American metro areas, at 31 minutes. Our data also indicate how residents get to work – whether by car, bike, public transportation or on foot. Atlantans rely heavily on their cars, with 76.3 percent of workers commuting by automobile.

Commuting data can also tell Atlanta leaders about how residents use other modes of transportation, such as the MARTA bus and rail line, the Downtown Loop streetcar line that opened in 2014, and the multi-use BeltLine trail that’s currently under development. Our statistics can show changes in how people use these alternative travel methods over time.

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Armed with Census Bureau data on commuting, local officials can see how, when, and where their residents are commuting. This enables them to make evidence-based decisions on transportation on behalf of their constituents. For example, they can examine the relationship between transportation systems and development patterns in their area; implement policies to address traffic congestion; and use forecasting to predict commuting behavior.

But officials aren’t the only people who can use our data. Residents and advocacy groups can use them to petition for new or expanded roads, bus lines, bike lanes, and sidewalks. Entrepreneurs and economic development agencies can better understand the link between travel and business patterns. And the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (coincidentally, based in Atlanta) uses commuting data to track community design and its effect on environmental public health. The potential uses are endless.

Census Bureau commuting statistics come from the American Community Survey, the largest household survey in the U.S. Along with data on commuting patterns, the American Community Survey provides statistics on housing, employment, education and many other topics – and it’s the basis for the distribution of more than $400 billion in federal funds. Transportation strategy is just one way that communities use American Community Survey statistics to plan for investments and services.

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Director Thompson and Doug Hooker, Atlanta Regional Commission executive director, discuss how Census Bureau data can be used to inform decisions on the city’s commuting and transportation needs.

If you’re interested in learning more about commuting patterns in your community, check out Census Explorer: Commuting Edition to see data by state, county and neighborhood. For special reports on commuting, visit the Census Bureau’s commuting web page.

Census Day in the Houston and Los Angeles Areas

CENSUS Directors Blog - Fri, 04/01/2016 - 10:16

Written by: John H. Thompson

Today is Census Day for Harris County, Texas and Los Angeles County, Calif., the two sites taking part in the 2016 Census Test. Almost 225,000 households in each location have received a notification by mail asking them to complete the questionnaire. During the decennial census, Census Day – April 1 – provides the reference day for measuring the population; we’re using the same reference day for the 2016 Census Test.

The 2016 Census Test is part of the extensive research and testing that will help us make key decisions about how we will carry out the next census. From 2012 through 2015, we conducted seven census tests across the country that informed our 2020 Census Operational Plan. The test underway in Texas and California is a large-scale implementation of innovations from the 2020 Census Operational Plan.

The 2020 Census will be easy to respond to, because it will be our most automated and technologically advanced census ever. In 2020, Americans will be able to respond from anywhere – by mail, phone, or online using a laptop, tablet or smartphone. We’re replacing paper and pencil with mobile devices for enumerators who visit nonresponding households. We’ll also count people using information they have already given to the government, if they don’t respond after we’ve provided them with multiple opportunities to participate. The 2016 Census Test is a vital step in operationalizing all of these innovations. Based on its results, we’ll refine many of the innovative and cost-saving procedures and methods in the plan for use in 2020.

We’re now more than halfway to 2020, and we’re planning, researching, testing, and getting feedback to ensure that responding to the census is easy and secure. By using the innovations that are laid out in the 2020 Census Operational Plan and that are being tested in 2016, we’ll be able to avoid an estimated $5 billion in costs (compared to the projected cost of using the same methods as the 2010 Census).

If you live in Harris County or Los Angeles County, I encourage you to learn more about the 2016 Census Test by visiting www.census.gov/2016censustest. The 2020 Census will be unlike any other in our history. Your participation is critical to testing the innovations that will make the 2020 Census easier than ever to respond to, save taxpayers money, and ensure a complete and accurate census. Happy Census Day!

 

Planning and Testing for the 2020 Census in Harris County, Texas

CENSUS Directors Blog - Fri, 03/25/2016 - 15:24

Written by: John H. Thompson

Today I am visiting Harris County, Texas, one of two sites now taking part in the 2016 Census Test that will help us prepare for the decennial census in 2020. The census is the most important barometer of population change in America – an issue that’s increasingly important here in the Houston area. Yesterday, the U.S. Census Bureau’s Population Estimates Program announced that the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land gained 159,000 new residents last year, the largest gain of any metro area in the nation.

This is a time of transition and growth for the Houston area. Census data is the way that America measures population growth and change. Local areas rely on our statistics for planning where to build new schools and roads.  Businesses use our data to track economic and demographic trends – for example, the Greater Houston Partnership uses Census Bureau statistics to provide information to companies and attract new jobs to the area. And each year, the federal government distributes more than $400 billion to states and communities based on Census Bureau data. The 2020 Census will provide critical information that empowers the more than 4.5 million people and over 95,000 businesses with paid employees in communities across Harris County and across the country.

 

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Director Thompson talks with Khalilat Adesokan, Tonya Netters and Fred Darden of Goodwill Industries of Houston, a 2016 Census Test partner and a trusted voice in the community.

The 2016 Census Test is part of the extensive research and testing that will help us make key decisions about how the next census will be carried out. The 2020 Census will be the most automated and technologically advanced census ever. Americans will be able to answer the questionnaire from anywhere – by mail, phone, or online using a laptop, tablet or smartphone.

The test currently underway in Texas and California is a large-scale implementation of innovations that will make the 2020 Census easier than ever to respond to, while saving taxpayers more than $5 billion compared to doing the census the old way. We’re now more than halfway to the 2020 Census, and we’re doing everything we can – planning, researching, testing, and getting feedback – to ensure that responding to it is easy and secure. Based on the results of the 2016 Census Test, we’ll refine many of the innovative and cost-saving procedures and methods in our plan.

Thank you to the residents of Harris County for your participation in this critical census test. I’m also grateful for the support of local officials and our partners – especially from schools, which have been crucial in raising awareness about the test and its importance to students and their families.

The 2016 Census Test is critical to ensuring a complete and accurate census in 2020, one that will give America the data it needs to make good policies and decisions for its growing population. You can track the results of the 2016 Census Test and other developments in our planning for the 2020 Census – and give us your input – at Census.gov.

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Opportunity Data Set Powered by U.S. Census Bureau Information

CENSUS Directors Blog - Mon, 03/07/2016 - 14:18

Written by: John H. Thompson

This afternoon, I attended the launch of the Opportunity Project at the White House. The Opportunity Project is an initiative from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development that uses Census Bureau data to help cities and local governments use new, curated, open data to account for how they use federal housing dollars.

The Opportunity Project’s curated data set is a new way that the federal government is collaborating with local leaders, technologists, non-profits and community members to leverage data to expand access to opportunity and fair housing across the country. Through this data set – which is derived from American Community Survey data and other Census Bureau sources – users can navigate a wealth of information on access to jobs, transit and schools. Armed with this information on neighborhood-level opportunities and challenges, communities can expand access to opportunity for their members.

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Director Thompson speaks about The Opportunity Project.

As part of the project, in January the government brought together eight cities and a dozen private sector and non-profit software development teams to use Opportunity Data to create user-friendly digital tools that help communities navigate and visualize information about their neighborhoods. Some of the participants included developers from Zillow, Redfin and Socrata; experts from the Urban Institute and Ford Foundation; and local data leads from New Orleans, Baltimore and Philadelphia.

Today, the developers launched their tools, which visualize everything from school test scores to community health outcomes to median commute times. In addition, the White House launched the Opportunity interactive site with the curated data set packaged in an accessible format. This information is now at the fingertips of local leaders, community organizers, non-profits, media, and families to use in creative and innovative ways.

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U.S. Chief Technology Officer, Megan Smith, introduces Census Bureau Director John Thompson at the White House rollout of the Opportunity Project.

The Opportunity Project is just one example of how the Census Bureau is working to make its data widely and easily accessible. HUD and the Census Bureau have been closely partnering on data outreach for the past year, including on CitySDK, which makes it easier to build products with open data (including the Opportunity data set) from the federal government. The Opportunity Project deepens our engagement with software developers, in conjunction with the newly created Commerce Data Service as well as the White House’s Office of Science and Technology Policy, Domestic Policy Council and Office of Management and Budget. We look forward to continuing to leverage our technology and data in the future to help facilitate agencies and the public in further expanding access to opportunity and fair housing.

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